How alcohol consumption can affect your baby
The safest option for pregnant women is to abstain from drinking if they are pregnant, planning a pregnancy or breastfeeding. This is the advice from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC).
It is not known yet how much alcohol is safe to drink when you are pregnant. However, it is known that the risk of damage to your baby increases the more you drink and that binge drinking is especially harmful. The safest choice for your baby therefore, is to abstain from drinking alcohol.
Pregnant women should never become intoxicated. This is because alcohol readily crosses from the mother’s blood stream into the baby’s blood stream. So when you drink, so does your baby.
What if you drank before you knew you were pregnant?
If you drank small amounts of alcohol before you knew you were pregnant, be reassured that the risk of harm to your baby is low. Once you know you are pregnant it is safest to stop drinking alcohol completely for the rest of your pregnancy and while you are breastfeeding. This will increase your baby’s chances of being healthy.
The Risks of Alcohol on Pregnancy
▪ Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a term used to describe a range of disabilities and a continuum of effects that may arise from prenatal alcohol exposure. It includes diagnoses such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (pFAS), Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders (ARND) and Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD).
▪ The most severe adverse effect from chronic or intermittent heavy maternal alcohol drinking is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS).
▪ Other potential adverse effects include spontaneous abortion, low birth weight, and attention and learning difficulties. Studies have also demonstrated that the unborn baby’s central nervous system is vulnerable to alcohol.
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